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Can I get pregnant if …
1– …I have sex during my period?
It depends on whether your cycle is regular. During your period, the risk of pregnancy is very low. In women with a regular period, the egg which is ready to fertilise develops in the ovary and usually leaves during ovulation, on about day 14 of the cycle. It is only during the five days before this time and a few days afterwards that there will be an increased risk of pregnancy.
We have the period about 14 days after ovulation. The uterus, which was preparing itself to receive the future embryo, sheds its lining resulting in menstrual bleeding. For this reason, the risk of pregnancy during menstruation is low.
Keep in mind, however, that in women with irregular or very prolonged periods bleeding which is different to menstruation may also occur, during ovulation itself. This bleeding can be confused with menstruation, but in this case, there is a risk of pregnancy despite the fact that, to all appearances, they are having a period.
2– …I have irregular periods?
If you follow a natural contraceptive method, YES. Regular cycles usually last 28 days, with intervals of between 24 to 35 days. Irregular ones, however, are much more unpredictable, and this makes controlling the risk of pregnancy by natural birth control methods unreliable, such as the rhythm method in order to decide when to have sexual intercourse and when to refrain from it.
3– …I’m on the pill?
NO. The pill is an extremely reliable hormonal contraceptive method. If it is taken properly, there is no risk of pregnancy with the period, because the pill prevents ovulation.
But… If you forget to take one or more tablets, especially in the first week, or you combine it with some medications which interfere with the pill’s functioning, it can reactivate the mechanisms of ovulation and a pregnancy may occur. Therefore, in these situations you should add another method of contraception such as condoms.
4– …I practise the withdrawal method?
YES. The seminal fluid that appears before male ejaculation may also contain some sperm. In addition, you should also keep in mind that the average life span of sperm once ejaculated is between 2 and 5 days. This is the reason why there is still a risk of pregnancy even though ejaculation occurs outside, or in the entrance of the vagina.
5– …It breaks or the condom is left inside of me?
YES. Although condoms are one of the most reliable methods of contraception, which also protects against sexually transmitted diseases, if it breaks, or is left inside the vagina, there may be a risk of pregnancy. After ejaculation, when the penis loses its erection if the condom is not quickly removed, it can stay inside the vagina, releasing sperm and producing a risk of pregnancy.