The legislation specifies that any women who wish to do so and meet the following requirements can be egg donors:
- They must be over 18 and under 35 years old.
- They must be in good physical and mental health.
- They must sign the corresponding contract.
- They must have the necessary legal capacity to give their authorization.
To be a donor it is necessary to attend an authorised centre that has a donation program and follow a process in which all the necessary information is provided and the state of physical and mental health of the donor is evaluated.
For this reason, the candidate will undergo a medical check-up including personal and family background as well as a physical examination containing information relating to:
- Size, weight.
- Skin colour.
- Eye colour.
- Hair colour.
- Hair texture (straight, wavy, curly, other).
- Blood group and Rh factor.
The following studies will also be carried out on donors:
- Haemogram, glucose, renal function, hepatic function and coagulation tests.
- Serology for Rubella, Syphilis, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV.
- Urethral, rectal and endocervical cultures for the detection of STDs.
- Smear or Papanicolau test.
- Gynaecologic ultrasound.
- Breast examination.
This means that a woman who is a candidate to be an egg donor is subjected to a free, full medical and gynaecological examination. This examination, essential to guarantee your state of health, will allow you to obtain concrete information on your physical and analytical state.