When a woman wishes to become pregnant and does not have the possibility of using her own eggs, she can consider adoption or she may choose to use a donation programme. If she opts for the donation, she will join a waiting list and must wait for another woman to provide her with eggs which can be fertilized with the semen of her partner and thus have the baby she desires. In this way, this woman is able to have a child that, without the donation, she would otherwise have been unable to conceive. Thanks to the donation, she can enjoy her own pregnancy and experience the entire maternity process, including gestation and birth.
Donation is an act of solidarity because it is an anonymous, voluntary and altruistic act. That is to say, it does not require any direct recognition on the part of the beneficiary.
Anonymity guarantees the privacy of the donor and the recipient, and also helps to justify the donation itself.
Altruism gives the donation a free surrender nature because it does not call for any gratification. With this requirement, which is also explicit by Law, the absence of any commercial gain in the donation is guaranteed and therefore donation for economical reasons is avoided.
Explicit voluntary nature is required, lastly, to avoid the donation being conditioned by coercion or any other type of pressure that could go against the right of free choice. It must be made clear that the donor is acting totally voluntarily.